WHAT ARE COOKIES?
Cookies are harmless text files that are stored on your browser when you visit almost any website. Their purpose is to allow the website to remember your visit the next time you browse it. Although many people may not know about cookies, they have been in use for twenty years, since the first browsers for the World Wide Web appeared.
WHAT ARE NOT COOKIES?
They are not viruses, nor trojans, nor worms or spam, nor spyware, or pop-up windows.
WHAT KIND OF INFORMATION IS STORED IN COOKIES?
Cookies generally do not store sensitive information about you, like credit cards or bank details, pictures, ID or personal information. The data they save are of a technical nature: personal preferences, content personalisation, etc.
The web server does not associate you as a user, but it associates your browser. In fact, if you regularly use Internet Explorer and try to browse the same website with Firefox or Chrome, you will see that the webpage does not realise that you are the same user, because it is actually associating you only through the browser.
WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF COOKIES?
- Technical cookies: They are basic ones and they allow, among other things, to know if the user is a human or an automated application, if it is a registered user or an anonymous one. Ultimately, elementary tasks for the proper functioning of any dynamic webpage.
- Analysis cookies: They store information about the type of browsing that is being performed, the most used sections, consulted products, time zone, language, etc.
- Advertising cookies: They show adds according to your browsing, country of origin, language, etc.
WHAT ARE FIRST-PARTY AND THIRD-PARTY COOKIES?
The first-party cookies are set by the web page you are visiting and the third-party cookies are set by external services or providers such as Facebook, Twitter, Google, etc.
WHAT HAPPENS IF I DISABLE THE COOKIES?
For your understanding of the scope of disabling cookies, see the following examples:
- You will not be able to share content from this webpage on Facebook, Twitter or any other social network.
- The website will not be able to adapt the contents to your personal preferences, as it usually happens on online shops.
- You will not be able to access to the personal area on the web, such as My account, or My profile or My orders.
- Online shops: Shopping online will be impossible. You will have to make purchases via phone or by visiting the store, if it is available.
- The customisation of your geographic preferences such as time zone, currency or language will be impossible.
- The website will not be able to perform web analytics about visitors and web traffic, so it will be hard for the webpage to be competitive.
- You will not be able to write in a blog or upload photos, post comments or rate contents. The webpage will be unable to know whether you are a human or an automated application that publishes spam.
- Targeted advertising will not be able to be shown, which will reduce the web’s advertising income.
CAN COOKIES BE REMOVED?
Yes. Not only removed, but blocked, in a general or particular way for a specific domain.
To remove the cookies from a website, you must go to your browser settings and there you will be able to look for those associated to the concerned domain and disable them.
COOKIE SETTING FOR THE MOST POPULAR BROWSERS
Here you will find how to access a specific cookie set on the browser Chrome. Note: These steps may vary depending on the version of the browser:
- Go to Settings or Preferences using the File menu or by clicking on the personalisation icon that appears in the upper right corner.
- You will see different sections. Click Advance.
- Go to Privacy and security, Content settings.
- Click All cookies and site data.
- A list of all the cookies will appear, sorted by domain. To make the cookies of a specific domain easier to find, enter the URL partially or completely in the field Search cookies.
- After applying this filter, one or more lines with the cookies of the requested website will appear on the screen. Now simply select it and press X to delete it.
To access the cookie settings in the Internet Explorer browser, follow these steps (they may vary depending on the version of the browser):
- Choose Tools, Internet options.
- Click on Privacy.
- Move the slider to adjust the level of privacy you want.
To access the cookie settings in the Firefox browser, follow these steps (they may vary depending on the version of the browser):
- Go to Options or Preferences according to your OS.
- Click on Privacy.
- In History, choose Use custom settings for history.
- Now you will see Accept cookies. You can turn it on or off according to your preferences.
To access the cookie settings in the Safari browser for OSX, follow these steps (they may vary depending on the version of the browser):
- Go to Preferences, then Privacy.
- Then you will see the Block cookies option to set the kind of block you prefer.
To access the cookie settings in the Safari browser for iOS, follow these steps (they may vary depending on the version of the browser):
- Go to Settings, then Safari.
- Go to Privacy and Security. Then you will see the Block cookies option to set the kind of block you prefer.
To access the cookie settings for Android devices, follow these steps (they may vary depending on the version of the browser):
- Open the browser and press Menu, then Settings.
- Go to Security and Privacy, then you will see the Accept cookies option in order to check or uncheck the box.
To access to the cookie settings for Windows Phone devices, follow these steps (they may vary depending on the version of the browser):
- Open Internet Explorer, then More, then Settings.
- Now you can check or uncheck the Allow cookies box.